On 7 July 2023, Sanne van Dijk (University of Twente), Marjolein Brusse-Keiser (Medisch Spectrum Twente), Charlotte Bucsán (Medisch Spectrum Twente), Job van der Palen (Medisch Spectrum Twente), Carine Doggen (University of Twente) and Anke Lenferink (University of Twente) published a paper in the BMJ Open Journal.
Entitled “Artificial intelligence in systematic reviews: promising when appropriately used”, this paper deals with the use of artificial intelligence (AI) to accelerate the process of conducting a systematic review. The authors suggest how to conduct a transparent and reliable systematic review using the AI tool ‘ASReview’ in the title and abstract screening.
The abstract is presented below:
Background. Systematic reviews provide a structured overview of the available evidence in medical-scientific research. However, due to the increasing medical-scientific research output, it is a time-consuming task to conduct systematic reviews. To accelerate this process, artificial intelligence (AI) can be used in the review process. In this communication paper, we suggest how to conduct a transparent and reliable systematic review using the AI tool ‘ASReview’ in the title and abstract screening.
Methods. Use of the AI tool consisted of several steps. First, the tool required training of its algorithms with several prelabelled articles prior to screening. Next, using a researcher-in-the-loop algorithm, the AI tool proposed the article with the highest probability of being relevant. The reviewer then decided on relevancy of each article proposed. This process was continued until the stopping criterion was reached. All articles labelled relevant by the reviewer were screened on full text.
Results. Considerations to ensure methodological quality when using AI in systematic reviews included: the choice of whether to use AI, the need of both deduplication and checking for inter-reviewer agreement, how to choose a stopping criterion and the quality of reporting. Using the tool in our review resulted in much time saved: only 23% of the articles were assessed by the reviewer.
Conclusion. The AI tool is a promising innovation for the current systematic reviewing practice, as long as it is appropriately used and methodological quality can be assured.